Etiket arşivi: Orthodox

Common Denominators Among Religions 2

The Temple Mount is one of the world’s most sacred spots. It has been identified as the biblical Mount Moriah.  Arabs name it Haram es Sharif, the Noble Courtyard. It was here that Solomon created the First Temple. After its destruction, it was replaced by the Second Temple.  The Wailing Wall is a remnant of the 2nd century CE wall that once supported the Temple Mount. At the center of the Temple Mount stands the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra).  The shrine is built over the sacred Rock (Sakhra) on which Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac/Ishmael and from which Mohammed is said to have ascended to Heaven.

The Temple Mount is one of the world’s most sacred spots. It has been identified as the biblical Mount Moriah. Arabs name it Haram es Sharif, the Noble Courtyard.
It was here that Solomon created the First Temple. After its destruction, it was replaced by the Second Temple. The Wailing Wall is a remnant of the 2nd century CE wall that once supported the Temple Mount.
At the center of the Temple Mount stands the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra). The shrine is built over the sacred Rock (Sakhra) on which Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac/Ishmael and from which Mohammed is said to have ascended to Heaven.

Iran – Esfahan, Jameh Mosque.   The stone mihrab, which indicates the direction of Mecca, is decorated with tiling and calligraphy and also carries the traces of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrian symbolism played an important part in Iranian art and some aspects of Zoroastrianism still appeal to Iranian Muslims.   It is interesting to note that Persian churches often incorporate Islamic features.

Iran – Esfahan, Jameh Mosque.
The stone mihrab, which indicates the direction of Mecca, is decorated with tiling and calligraphy and also carries the traces of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrian symbolism played an important part in Iranian art and some aspects of Zoroastrianism still appeal to Iranian Muslims.
It is interesting to note that Persian churches often incorporate Islamic features.

Turkey – Istanbul, Saint Antoine Church.   The Franciscan church burned down in 1660, upon which the Franciscans were given another site. Two centuries later they built themselves this neo-gothic building that throws its doors open to all on Christmas Eve for a mass that has become a traditional event in the life of Istanbul. An ordinary day, two conservative Muslim women visiting the Church.

Turkey – Istanbul, Saint Antoine Church.
The Franciscan church burned down in 1660, upon which the Franciscans were given another site. Two centuries later they built themselves this neo-gothic building that throws its doors open to all on Christmas Eve for a mass that has become a traditional event in the life of Istanbul.
An ordinary day, two conservative Muslim women visiting the Church.

Turkey – Mersin, Mersin City Cemetery. Mersin City Cemetery, a place which for 63 years has given the lie to the issue of conflicting religions. In this cemetery Muslims, Orthodox, Syrian Christians, Catholics and Jews are buried side by side. It is very rarely that we find those who are followers of any of these three religions being interred side-by-side.  It is said that in Helsinki, Finland, there is a similar cemetery, but there the remains of members of different religions do not lie side by side but are buried in separate areas of the graveyard. This rare occurrence in Mersin is a great asset for the city, whose citizens accept the communal graveyard as entirely natural. This cemetery brings together not only the members of the three major religions but also the sects of Christianity. It sends out a common message from all three religions. It is a symbol of peace. When these people have lived together, used the same coffee houses, dined in the same restaurants and shared the same pastures, burying them in separate cemeteries would have been unfair.

Turkey – Mersin, Mersin City Cemetery.
Mersin City Cemetery, a place which for 63 years has given the lie to the issue of conflicting religions. In this cemetery Muslims, Orthodox, Syrian Christians, Catholics and Jews are buried side by side. It is very rarely that we find those who are followers of any of these three religions being interred side-by-side.
It is said that in Helsinki, Finland, there is a similar cemetery, but there the remains of members of different religions do not lie side by side but are buried in separate areas of the graveyard. This rare occurrence in Mersin is a great asset for the city, whose citizens accept the communal graveyard as entirely natural. This cemetery brings together not only the members of the three major religions but also the sects of Christianity. It sends out a common message from all three religions. It is a symbol of peace. When these people have lived together, used the same coffee houses, dined in the same restaurants and shared the same pastures, burying them in separate cemeteries would have been unfair.

İnanç Dosyası 42 | Judaism 10

At the beginning of the 19th century in the USA and Western Europe, there was a desire in some quarters to modernise Jewish tradition to make it more in keeping with contemporary life. By then, “Reform”, “Liberal”, “Conservative”, and “Orthodox” are the important forms of Judaism. In recent years Reformists have ordained women as rabbis. The first woman rabbi ordained was in Great Britain.  The Orthodox completely rejects the movement.

The State of Israel officially took to Orthodoxy, which affirms that the Torah, the Talmud and the Mishnah are categorically unalterable.

The One Supreme God of Judaism is the God worshipped by the Children of Israel, thus differentiating themselves from polytheism and also the Trinity of Christian belief. God created the universe and should He relinquish His hold upon it, the universe would cease to exist in that instant. Judaism links both the creation and the continued existence of the world to the activities of God.

Jews believe, not in predestination, but in the idea that everything that happens is what God has planned with a definite purpose in mind. Judaism believes, as does Islam, that all good and all evil come from God. The Christian belief that evil comes from Satan has no place in Jewish doctrine. The Jewish concept of Satan arose in the 6th century BCE, when the Jews were exiled and in captivity in Babylonia, but is not held with much conviction. God is omnipotent and omnipresent. He is supernatural, far above mankind, but close enough to be concerned with every individual. God is omniscient and knows man’s most secret thoughts. The living God has no beginning and no end; Islam also describes God as living, self-creating and self-perpetuating. God is just, and if He punishes a person or a nation, it is as fair retribution for committed sins. The Torah quotes many instances where man cannot be forgiven either for turning away from Yahveh or for violating His laws. Also, when misfortune afflicted the good, it was considered as God’s way of testing them. This subject is dealt with in the Old Testament’s Book of Job, and is one of the world’s greatest pieces of literature, thought to have been written in the 6th century BCE. In the three Abrahamic religions, of Jewry, Christianity and Islam, Job is an example of patience and uncomplaining submission in the face of all the calamities God sent to try him.

Praying at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, a custom maintained for centuries, is the symbol of hope for the Jewish people to return from exile. From 1948-67, the Wall was in the sector controlled by Jordan; so Jewish people were unable to pray there. But after the 'Six-day War', the Jews recovered control of the Wall. This was a joyous occasion and a date to remember in Jewish history.

Praying at the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem, a custom maintained for centuries, is the symbol of hope for the Jewish people to return from exile. From 1948-67, the Wall was in the sector controlled by Jordan; so Jewish people were unable to pray there. But after the ‘Six-day War’, the Jews recovered control of the Wall. This was a joyous occasion and a date to remember in Jewish history.